The 13th five year plan of the most popular places

2022-10-14
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Many places have different responses to lock in the private investment of Intercity Railway in the 13th five year plan

many places have different responses to lock in the private investment of Intercity Railway in the 13th five year plan

China Construction machinery information

"It is the end of the year, and it is also a critical moment for the finalization of the 13th five year plan of the railway. Recently, we often have to run to the national development and Reform Commission and China Railway Corporation to discuss starting some resin projects used in plastic products and films in the province as soon as possible." A local development and Reform Commission official in charge of the railway project revealed

2015 is the closing year of the "12th Five Year Plan" and the preparation year of the "13th five year plan". All localities are stepping up the formulation of local railway development plans during the "13th five year plan". The author learned that the construction of intercity railway has become the key target of many provinces. As the "the Belt and Road" strategy has entered the stage of full implementation, all regions have also taken strengthening the promotion of "the Belt and Road" related projects and accelerating the "going global" as an important starting point for the "13th five year plan"

it has become the consensus of all regions to focus on the development of intercity railway.

at present, the construction of high-speed railway with "four vertical and four horizontal" as the main framework has been started, of which the "four vertical" high-speed railway has been completed and opened to traffic, most of the "four horizontal" sections have also been completed and opened to traffic, and most of the unfinished sections will also be completed by the end of the 12th Five Year Plan. With the connection of the "arteries", strengthening the construction of "capillaries" dominated by intercity railways has become the focus of the "13th five year plan" in various regions. According to the author, the price rise in Hebei and 2016 has dealt a fatal blow to the carton industry. Shaanxi, Shandong, Zhejiang and other provinces have successively announced the development blueprint of intercity railway during the 13th Five Year Plan period

the recently released "proposal of the CPC Hebei Provincial Committee on formulating the 13th five year plan for national economic and social development in Hebei Province" proposes to build a modern comprehensive three-dimensional transportation network, create a large transportation pattern of "connecting the north and the south, connecting the East and the west", and realize the rapid railway connection between cities. We will actively develop intercity railways and urban rail transit, and accelerate the construction of Beijing Tangshan, Beijing Hengyang, Shijiazhuang Jinan and other express railways. The notice on accelerating the construction of Intercity Railway drafted by the development and Reform Commission of Hebei Province also proposed to list rail transit as the key task of infrastructure construction in the province during the 13th Five Year Plan period, and establish the Hebei intercity railway development fund, which is mainly used for the capital contribution of intercity railway projects planned and constructed in the province, with a tentative scale of 18billion yuan

Shaanxi Province proposed to comprehensively accelerate the construction of passenger dedicated lines from Baotou to Xi'an, Xi'an to Chengdu, Yinchuan, Wuhan, Chongqing, Nanjing, etc. and improve the Shaanxi express railway network during the 13th Five Year Plan period. The five-year plan is to invest about 250billion yuan, build a mileage of about 4600 kilometers, and strive to achieve an operating mileage of 7000 kilometers, so as to realize the connection between the city and the express railway, and the high-speed railway between Xi'an and the surrounding eight provincial capitals

it is reported that the first draft of the "13th five year plan" for Inter City railway in Xinjiang has been completed. According to the plan, during the "13th five year plan", Xinjiang will build an inter city railway with Urumqi as the center, east to Mulei, West to Karamay, north to Zhundong, and south to Kashgar, and actively explore the possibility of extending westward to Ili Prefecture

in addition, the author learned that the reported Beijing Tianjin Hebei intercity railway plan proposed that by 2020, the scale of the new Beijing Tianjin Hebei intercity railway would reach 1034 kilometers

sun Zhang, a railway expert and professor of Tongji University [Weibo], said that "four vertical and four horizontal" are connected in series with large cities. The construction of intercity railway will connect small and medium-sized cities with high-speed rail, which is conducive to strengthening the balanced development of regional economy, reducing the differences between cities and between urban and rural areas, reducing vehicle exhaust emissions and promoting energy-saving and efficient travel. "In the past few years, we have focused on major trunk lines, but the development of intercity railways in many regions is blank. During the 13th Five Year Plan period, this part must be supplemented."

compared with the previous national investment in the construction of trunk railway, the construction of intercity railway will rely more on local governments to raise construction funds. Facing the current financial pressure and debt burden, local governments will inevitably place their hopes on the participation of social capital

social capital will get more opportunities to participate

on July 30 this year, five ministries and commissions including the national development and Reform Commission issued the implementation opinions on Further Encouraging and expanding social capital investment in railway construction, which proposed to actively encourage social capital a) excellent products (a); We will fully enter the railway sector and focus on encouraging social capital to invest in the construction and operation of intercity railways and other lines

the opinions on Further Accelerating Railway Construction issued by Henan Province at the beginning of this year proposed that the capital sharing ratio of railway projects in provinces and cities under the jurisdiction of the province would be adjusted: some provinces and cities under the jurisdiction of the province would share the capital contribution of the trunk railway at a ratio of 5:5, and the provincial railway construction investment entities would uniformly contribute. The provincial and provincial cities of the intercity railway project contribute at a ratio of 3:7, and the provinces and cities along the line share the investment according to the actual domestic investment and provide loan guarantees accordingly. Other railway projects such as suburban and branch lines operate in accordance with the principle of "who benefits, who invests", and are financed by provincial cities, counties (cities, districts) and enterprises or attract social capital investment

Zhangchunlin, director of the development and Reform Commission of the autonomous region and director of the Xinjiang Assistance Office of the autonomous region, also said that Xinjiang would accelerate the reform of the railway investment and financing system, and attract social capital to invest in the construction of intercity railways with market potential under the guidance of central financial funds and railway development funds

Zhao Jian, a professor at the school of economics and management of Beijing Jiaotong University [Weibo], said that the distance between intercity railways is usually short, and the passenger flow between intercity railways that need high-speed rail is also very limited. Except for areas with super developed economy and dense passenger flow such as Shanghai Nanjing and Beijing Tianjin, most intercity railway routes are difficult to make profits in the short term, and the economic cost must be considered in the construction of projects. "Many intercity railway projects are now open to private capital, but the question is whether private capital is willing to come in."

but in sun Zhang's view, before planning intercity railway lines, all regions will certainly have certain estimates of passenger flow and benefits. With the economic development, there will be more and more people flow in the region, and the state has given many preferential measures in terms of Taxation, finance, land and other policies for private capital to enter the railway project. The investment prospect of intercity railway is still relatively optimistic

the author understands that at present, some intercity railway lines in some cities have tried to finance from social capital, but the market response is mixed. Sichuan southern Sichuan railway company once attracted much attention because of its identity of "the first railway company to be completely established by the local government without the Railway General Manager", but in the actual process of establishment, it took two years to attract private capital, and finally Sichuan Provincial Railway general manager took a stake. The situation in Shandong, the eastern province, is much better. Shandong's key project Jiqing high-speed railway project has been invested by Temasek, CSR Sifang and other enterprises through public financing to the whole society

Sichuan Province proposed that one of the main contents of the "Outline" of the province's "13th five year plan" is to participate in the construction of the "the Belt and Road" and the Yangtze River economic belt. During the 13th Five Year Plan period, Sichuan will plan to build "ten high-speed railway channels", including three international channels connecting the Silk Road Economic Belt: the passenger transport channel from Chengdu to central and Western Asia via Xining and Urumqi, the freight transport channel from Chengdu to central and Western Asia via Lanzhou and Urumqi, and the freight transport channel from Chengdu to West Asia (South Asia) via Golmud and Kashgar. There are three international channels connecting the maritime Silk Road: the passenger transport channel from Chengdu to Southeast Asia (South Asia) via Yibin and Kunming, the freight channel from Chengdu to South Asia via Lhasa, and the freight channel from Chengdu to Southeast Asia (South Asia) via Panzhihua and Kunming

at present, Hunan, Jiangxi and Fujian are striving to incorporate the Chongqing Changsha Xiamen (yuchangxia) high-speed railway into the national railway construction plan of the 13th five year plan. Jiangxi Province proposed to strive for the inclusion of Chongqing Changsha Xiamen railway in the national railway construction plan of the 13th five year plan, which was put forward under the national strategy of actively integrating into the Yangtze River economic belt and the "the Belt and Road". After the completion of the high-speed railway from Xiamen to Chongqing, it will move west to Chengdu, and then to Xinjiang and Tibet, which will become a new channel across the Eurasian continent

"now everyone has realized that some inland cities will become new hot spots for opening up. To strengthen the connection with Eurasia, the laying of railways must keep up." Wang Mengshu, an academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering, said

but in Zhao Jian's view, many cities have opened China Europe trains such as Chongqing Xinjiang Europe, Italy Xinjiang Europe, Han Xinjiang Europe, etc., but due to the shortage of goods, most of these trains rely on government subsidies to maintain their operation. Under the condition that the existing railway lines are not saturated, it is meaningless to build new railway channels

in addition to domestic railway lines, overseas projects in the "the Belt and Road" strategy are also advancing

on December 2, a foundation laying ceremony was held for the Laos section of China Laos Railway (boten Vientiane), which connects Vientiane, the capital of Laos, with Kunming, Yunnan. The project is an important part of the central line of the Pan Asian Railway. The railway will be constructed by the Chinese side and is expected to be completed in 2020. According to the plan, this line will also connect railways in Thailand and even Malaysia in the future; Due to the rising prosperity of the industry

in addition, the Moscow Kazan high-speed railway, designed and invested by Chinese enterprises, will also be accelerated during the 13th Five Year Plan period, and the project is planned to be completed before the 2018 World Cup. In the future, this high-speed rail line may extend to Beijing

Wang Mengshu said that with the promotion of the "the Belt and Road" strategy, during the "13th five year plan" period, more overseas projects will rely on China's high-speed rail or railway technology in the whole industrial chain of survey and design, construction, project management and equipment manufacturing. Our enterprises and products will also take advantage of the opportunity of the "the Belt and Road" strategy to realize going global on a larger scale

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