It is the hottest to realize the whole industrial

2022-08-16
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There is a long way to go to realize the management of the whole industrial chain of packaged dangerous goods (Part 2)

release date: Source: Bao Lian Transportation Committee editor in charge: China Packaging browsing times: 512 copyright and disclaimer

core tip: the "National Seminar on transportation and packaging of dangerous goods" hosted by the transportation and Packaging Committee of the China Packaging Federation has been actively participated in by enterprises in many links of the whole industrial chain of dangerous goods, Relevant domestic administrative departments, universities, research institutions and international research institutions pay high attention to it. Shandong Maritime Safety Administration of the people's Republic of China, Institute of materials and testing of the Federal Republic of Germany, Guangdong entry exit inspection and Quarantine Bureau, Guangzhou Institute of quality supervision and testing, Academy of Sciences of the Ministry of transport, Academy of Sciences of Zhengzhou Railway Administration, Shanghai Pudong airport freight station, experts from the former Water Transport Bureau of the Ministry of transport, experts from the former Standardization Institute of the Ministry of chemical industry, China Packaging Research and testing center, China Classification Society certification company Xiamen Institute of product quality supervision and inspection, China Civil Aviation dangerous goods transportation management center, Ningxia

[China Packaging News] the National Seminar on transportation and packaging of dangerous goods, hosted by the transportation and Packaging Committee of the China Packaging Federation, has been actively participated in by enterprises in multiple links of the whole industrial chain of dangerous goods, and has received high attention from relevant domestic administrative departments, colleges, research institutions and international research institutions. Shandong Maritime Safety Administration of the people's Republic of China, Institute of materials and testing of the Federal Republic of Germany, Guangdong entry exit inspection and Quarantine Bureau, Guangzhou Institute of quality supervision and testing, Ministry of transport 7. When the tape fell from the steel plate, the Scientific Research Institute of Zhengzhou Railway Bureau, Shanghai Pudong airport freight station, experts from the water transport bureau of the former Ministry of transport, experts from the Standardization Institute of the former Ministry of chemical industry China Packaging Research and testing center, China Classification Society certification company, Xiamen product quality supervision and Inspection Institute, civil aviation dangerous goods transportation management center of China, Ningxia packaging industry office, shuchi container (Shanghai) Co., Ltd. and Griff polycarbonate began to be active in the market on a large scale. The impression is that (Shanghai) Investment Management Co., Ltd., Sinotrans Chemical International Logistics Co., Ltd., which started with Nokia N9 SINOSURE energy pallet Sharing System Co., Ltd., Saiwen (Tianjin) Industry Co., Ltd., Civil Aviation University of China, Chongqing Jiaotong University, Tianjin Aerospace Ruilai Technology Co., Ltd., dongshengyang power supply Co., Ltd., Shandong Weineng environmental protection power supply Co., Ltd. and Tianjin Geely Everbright Packaging Co., Ltd. participated in the discussion and put forward suggestions

Excellent enterprises from all over the industry gathered at the exhibition

"Regulations on the administration of the transport of dangerous goods by water (Draft for comments)" is based on the current situation, and is revised and formulated on the basis of the No. 10 order of the Ministry of communications in 1996 "Regulations on the administration of the transport of dangerous goods by water". The regulations refer to international maritime transport rules for technical contents. Each chapter of the "Regulations" involves packaging, of which the fourth chapter mainly puts forward the requirements for packaging, and the main contents are: Port dangerous goods management regulations and ship dangerous goods management regulations. The introduction of the regulations on the administration of the transport of dangerous goods by water (Exposure Draft) means that the transport of dangerous goods by water is supervised seamlessly with a whole process and systematic provisions

packaging is an important part of the rules for the transportation of dangerous goods by water. In order to promote the implementation of the rules for the transportation of dangerous goods by water, the domestic packaging accreditation system for dangerous goods was established in the mid-1990s, and nine quality inspection institutions were successively accredited, such as Lanzhou quality inspection Bureau, China Packaging Research and testing center, etc. The rules were shelved after twoorthree years of implementation. After that, the 2002 version of the regulations on hazardous chemicals centralized the packaging management in the General Administration of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine, which focused on the management of hazardous chemicals in the packaging of international transportation import and export products. Country 2. The maximum dynamic experimental force: there was no clear management of the packaging of dangerous goods by 10kN waterway. Waterway transportation will put forward further requirements for packaging through the regulations on the administration of waterway transport of dangerous goods. The regulatory system should adopt a market-oriented identification and regulatory system, especially the open waterway transportation mode, which should be in line with international standards

at present, the number of dangerous goods transported by water in China has been unified with the number of the United Nations, and the packaging label can be used smoothly in domestic and foreign water transportation. Grassroots personnel who transport dangerous goods by water should receive professional education and training, and carry out education and training activities to reduce the fines of enterprises and help and promote the transportation and packaging level of enterprises to meet the requirements of the regulations

the regulations on the administration of dangerous goods transportation by water emphasizes the importance of packaging in the transportation of dangerous goods. Transportation packaging is accompanied by the whole process of dangerous goods transportation. The most likely accident is that the quality of packaging is not up to standard. In recent years, as the transportation of dangerous goods by water is under the framework of international dangerous goods transportation rules, the level of transportation safety is still higher than that of other transportation routes of dangerous goods. However, there are still several problems in waterway transportation. (1) The content of domestic maritime transport rules is not clear. Sea transportation is divided into domestic transportation and international transportation, and international transportation is carried out in accordance with international maritime transportation rules. Domestic maritime extends international maritime management to China, some of which are not clear, leading to a series of problems when domestic enterprises carry out domestic maritime transportation. (2) China's standard system is relatively complex, resulting in inconsistent and inconsistent standards for various modes of transportation, which makes some regulations and standards poorly connected and unclear. The characteristics of dangerous goods transportation are: the railway has higher restrictions on the transportation of dangerous goods, the transportation of dangerous goods by water or road is more frequent, and some kinds of dangerous goods do not have the conditions for road transportation, so water transportation has become an inevitable choice. (3) At present, the management of waterway transportation in China is mostly based on punishment. It will cause a heavy burden to enterprises, and at the same time, it will not be able to improve the level of transportation and packaging technology

the transportation and Packaging Committee of China Packaging Federation puts forward the following suggestions on the whole industry chain management of packaging dangerous goods:

suggestions on standardization

the regulations in the regulations should be further refined, especially for different types of packaging, there should be specific inspection standards. Article 11 in Chapter II of the regulations on the administration of the transport of dangerous goods by water, the strength of packaging components for the transport of dangerous goods shall meet the requirements of port machinery loading and unloading operations. Dangerous goods transportation packaging components are containerized packaging, such as pallet packaging components. The packaging inspection involved in the IMDG Code quoted in the regulation is a test method for independently packaged products, and does not involve containerized packaging components. In addition, the mechanical effect of mechanical devices on transport packaging components and the diversification of loading and unloading procedures should be considered for port mechanical loading and unloading operations. Specifically, the gripping forklift truck and the lifting forklift truck will have different mechanical effects on the transportation packaging components during handling, so the strength of the packaging components should also be adapted, otherwise the damage of the transportation packaging components during handling will directly affect the subsequent loading and unloading or cause the damage of the unit packaging. The loading and unloading procedures will vary according to the degree of mechanization and operating procedures of each port. For example, the international standard ASTM D 4169 has taken into account the impact of the loading and unloading sequence on the packaging components. The standard involves the logistics process. Shippers and carriers can consider the packaging strength in the initial packaging selection and logistics process design, Through the performance inspection standards of transportation packaging components that adapt to the logistics environment, we can provide accurate guarantee for safe transportation

the regulations should try to quote standards to reflect the implementation rules, rather than directly write them in the regulations. The standard can be changed from recommendatory to mandatory through the quotation of the regulations, which gives full play to the universality of the standard, makes the standard become the technical support of regulations, and also provides reasonable service channels for technical experts

formulate qualification standards for hazardous goods packaging practitioners and implement a strict qualification certification system. At the same time, according to the characteristics of fast renewal of packaging materials and containers, professional qualification standards for the level evaluation of employees are formulated, and training and identification are carried out according to the standards, so as to improve the post skills of employees and ensure the safety of transportation of dangerous goods

suggestions on inspection, certification and operation specifications

this meeting has brought a strong impetus to the material supply industry that provides packaging for dangerous goods. Some suppliers who provide packaging materials for dangerous goods point out that the packaging of dangerous goods in China is not standardized, and the owners of dangerous goods lack safety awareness. Packaging runs through the whole logistics process. Without standard packaging, there is no safe transportation. Establishing a certification system that combines the production quality and use function of packaging is an effective packaging quality certification that meets the needs of enterprises. Strengthen the quality certification of dangerous goods packaging products, use the driving force of market economy to replace administrative licensing, encourage enterprises to actively participate in the quality certification of dangerous goods packaging, and rely on benign economic and scientific means to promote the development of the quality certification of dangerous goods packaging

relevant enterprises believe that the introduction of the regulations on the administration of the transport of dangerous goods by water is aimed at the whole process of the transport of dangerous goods by water between domestic ports, and is related to shippers, ports, shippers, logistics, etc. Relevant contents of standardized operation should be added. By collecting the comparison between the port operation specifications of China, Japan, South Korea and other trading countries and the actual situation, examples should be analyzed to illustrate the existing problems of the operation specifications of ports in China and the improvement methods

the service institutions referred to in Article 9 of the regulations will provide technical services in the packaging inspection of dangerous goods and the identification of new packaging containers. The Ministry of transport or its subordinate institutions or associations need to formulate relevant technical rules to ensure the effective implementation of the objectives in the regulations. Drawing on the experience of Germany, non-governmental regulatory and technical authorities are responsible for judging the packaging inspection results of dangerous goods. The authority has a complete system to assess and review the inspection institutions, and will conduct re audit every three years and charge a certain certification fee

suggestions on the establishment of knowledge system

the identification of maritime dangerous goods is determined according to the country and specific circumstances, which requires the shipper to have a certain identification ability and relevant knowledge. With the rapid development of modern industry, the classification of dangerous goods is becoming more and more detailed. The understanding of the physical and chemical properties of new chemicals needs to be constantly tested, accumulated and summarized, and safe and effective packaging, storage and transportation should be adopted according to their characteristics. In order to maximize profits and reduce transportation costs, some enterprises adopt simplified packaging and cut corners on work and materials, so that the packaging of goods does not meet the basic conditions for transportation, storage, loading and unloading, use vehicles that do not meet the transportation conditions to transport dangerous goods, or conceal or change the name of the transported goods during transportation, and even units that do not meet the production license conditions also produce under false names and violate regulations, resulting in cargo transportation accidents, It is common in cargo transportation accidents. The packaging knowledge system for dangerous goods needs to be established urgently as a reference for education and training and professional level evaluation

China's dangerous goods packaging quality supervision involves highway, railway, aviation and water transportation, and the dangerous goods management system of each transportation mode has provisions. New varieties of dangerous goods and

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